Electrical Industry News Week
Published by Kerrwil Publications Limited with the support of Electro-Federation Canada (EFC)
Cooper Industries

Message From The Editor

The solution often lies in the problem or the reverse

In fact, it should be said that it's important to identify the problem properly in order to find the right solution. Preserving the quality of power is one such problem, and the increasing use of non-linear load devices leads to increasing problems of harmonic distortion. Our colleague Owen Hurst writes about this and concludes that it will inevitably require more direct attention from regulators. Also in this issue, sensors with infrared: what are they and what are the suggested best uses for this type of sensors. We continue our journey to the heart of the CE Code. Good reading!

Line Goyette
Managing Editor
linegoyette@kerrwil.com
   

Panduit

Changing Scene

Great Place 3 Electrical Industry Organizations Rank Among Canada's Best Employers
Phoenix Contact, BC's Industry Training Authority, and Rittal Systems Ltd. are among the year's "Best Workplaces in Canada," an annual ranking compiled by the Great Place to Work Institute…
Alberta Master Electricians in Alberta to Require CE Code Certification
To ensure master electricians have information about the latest code adopted in Alberta, they will have until the end of 2019 to complete their update training…
Hydro BC Hydro Starting Consultation on New Capacitor Upgrade and Expansion Project
The Kelly Lake capacitors project involves building up to four new capacitor stations along the six existing 500 kilovolt transmission lines that run from the Gordon M. Shrum and Peace Canyon generating stations to the Kelly Lake substation…
Tools For The Trade

Don't sweat it! Keep enclosures & equipment cool, save big on energy & costs!
Rittal This summer, there's a perfect way to prevent those enclosures and sensitive equipment from over-heating. Get the special promo prices on Rittal's CSA-approved air conditioners and fans, backed by Rittal's industry-leading technology and innovation, and save on enclosure cooling costs and energy. Read More


Codes & Standards

Guide to the Canadian Electrical Code, Part I — Instalment 37

By William (Bill) Burr
Bill Burr In this article: Section 74 — Airport installations. These installations are series-type circuits that differ from other multiple-type circuits in that the regulator supplying them provides a constant current, variable voltage supply regardless of the load. The regulator does not respond to ground faults in a normal fashion. A single ground fault does not affect the whole system. Two or more ground faults affect only a portion of the system or a reduction in lighting intensity. A ground counterpoise is provided to protect service personnel from touch voltages when repairing or replacing broken luminaires. Read More

Harmonic Distortion

Fundamentals of Harmonic Distortion in a World of Rising Non-Linear Loads

By Owen Hurst
Harmonics With a focus this month on power quality, test and measurement, it seems prudent to take a minute to return to the basics for understanding harmonic distortion, particularly as the use of items with non-linear loads continues to increase. Harmonics have been around since the first AC generator was turned on over 100 years ago. However, harmonics were initially not an issue as they very minor over linear loads. It wasn't until the 1960s that the impact of harmonic distortion became apparent. Read More

Lighting Controls

What Are PIR Sensors and Why Do I Need Them?

PIR Sensors Passive Infrared (PIR) sensors are widely used in smart lighting systems and save money by dramatically reducing lighting usage and energy consumption. They are employed in offices and classrooms as well as in spaces with intermittent and unpredictable lighting usage, such as corridors, stairwells, storage areas, and parking garages. Lights can be programmed to either "dim" or "switch" in response to an occupancy status signal from a sensor. The strategy also improves comfort for occupants as they never have to enter a dark area or manually turn lights on or off. Read More

Economy

Every Province Scored GDP Gains in 2017

Economy Real gross domestic product by industry increased in every province in 2017 for the first time since 2011. Goods-producing industries' growth outpaced services-producing industries in every province except Nova Scotia and Ontario. Nationally, real GDP by industry rose 3.3% in 2017, the strongest pace of growth since 2011. Following declines in 2015 and 2016, Alberta posted the highest growth rate among the provinces at 4.9%. Economic growth in British Columbia (+3.9%) outpaced the national average for a fourth consecutive year. Among the territories, GDP rose in Nunavut and Northwest Territories and declined in Yukon. Here's a breakdown for each province. Read More

Q & A Brought to You by Britech

The line to my septic tank froze this winter. Can I install a heating cable inside the pipe?

Britech There are heating cables made to be installed inside some pipes, though installing a heating cable in a septic line could be dangerous due to explosive gases in the pipes, tank and septic bed. Areas in sewage treatment plants where gases may accumulate are considered, as a minimum, to be Class 1 Div. 11 areas, meaning they are a hazardous area. Rather than have your house explode, you may want to wait until spring and install a heating cable on the outside of the pipe and insulate it to prevent this from happening again. Read More

Survey Says

Survey Says

Electrical Engineering Design Median Hourly Rate by Province

Saskatchewan leads Canada with the highest hourly rate for electrical engineers. Alberta comes in second.

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Survey Says From Recent Issues

  • Electrical Engineering Hourly Rates by Job
    See how the rates for electricians working in electrical engineering compare to technicians, engineers and others.

  • Electrical Contractor median Bonus by Job
    On average electrical project managers receive the biggest job bonus. Electrical foremen receive the smallest, below that of electricians.

  • Electrical Contractors' Most Popular Benefits
    Electrical contractors often receive one or more benefits from their employers. Company cell phones are ranked the most popular perk by 27% of survey respondants, with a relatively even split among 6 other perks offered by employers.

  • Electrical Market Customer Distribution
    Electrical and other contractors dominate the electrical market in terms of purchasing electrical products from full-line electrical distributors. Industrial, OEM, MRO, and Automation follow with a combined market share of 24%.

  • Automation & Control Sales Market by Region
    Ontario and Quebec rank evenly in the sales of automation and control equipment with 29% each, creating a hub of automation within the two provinces. Western Canada follows with a combined market share of 27%.

  • Lighting Distribution Sales by Region
    Ontario Leads the country in sales of lighting and lighting equipment with 37% of the market. Quebec follows closely with 31% of the market.

New Products and Solutions

Fluke

Fluke 279 FC True-rms Thermal Multimeter

Fluke's 279 FC True-rms thermal multimeter helps you find, repair, validate, and report many electrical issues quickly. Thermal imaging multimeters are a first-line troubleshooting tool for electrical equipment that can check hot spots on high-voltage equipment and transformers, and detect heating of fuses, wires, insulators, connectors, splices and switches. Compatible with iFlex (a flexible current clamp) to expand your measurement capabilities and get into tight, hard to reach spaces for current measurement (up to 2500 A AC). The large full-colour LCD screen makes for easier and clearer viewing of images and readings. The 10 hour+ rechargeable battery keeps you going all day long under normal conditions. Read More
Axis Wetbeam

Axis Wet Beam 4 LED

The Wet Beam 4 LED is a linear luminaire specially designed and listed for wet locations with multiple mounting options. Suitable for exterior applications, such as soffits, canopies and other wet environments, the Wet Beam 4 LED also permits consistent design treatment with indoor BEAM systems, and delivers efficient direct illumination through satin, or frosted lenses. Fully gasketed, Wet Beam 4 LED can be recessed, pendant, or wall mounted, and installed in runs. Read More
Brady Quicksleeve

Brady Intuitive QuickSleeve Handheld Sleeve Applicator

Brady's new QuickSleeve handheld sleeve applicator is designed for the fast application of sleeves on to wires. This multi-tool features specially designed slanted tubes, a terminal block-sized screwdriver and an LED flashlight. The slanted tubes of the QuickSleeve applicator are specifically sized to fit four common sleeve sizes used in the electrical industry. This multi-tool also includes a screwdriver for terminating wires and an LED flashlight for low-lit environments, so users can free up space in their belt and do it all with one simple, efficient tool. Read More
Rebelle 3403

Rebelle Architectural Lighting Tessera 3403

The Tessera family of luminaires features a quiet aesthetic that can adapt to any architectural setting. The Tessera 3403 is a mid-scale luminaire for exterior locations that is ideally suited for lighting entrances and pathways on the building perimeter. This addition to the Tessera family uses the same compact 4-inch housing but scaled to add length. The Tessera 3403 is a flush mounted luminaire, available with or without accent plates. For ADA compliance the luminaire must be specified without accent plates. The Tessera 3403 luminaire is listed for use in wet locations to UL and CSA standards. Read More
Keysight Waveform Generator

Keysight Technologies Waveform Generator

Keysight BenchVue software for the PC eliminates many issues around bench testing. By making it simple to connect and control instruments, and automate test sequences, you can quickly move past the test development phase and access results faster than ever before with just a few clicks. The software can generate point-by-point arbitrary waveforms in many applications and in a wide range of waveform options, including sine, pulse, ramp up, and ramp down. Signal generation capabilities range from 10 to 120 MHz Read More
Eklipse

Eklipse Architectural Lighting Lifeline Track System

Lifeline is a refined and minimalist track lighting system that can accommodate two luminaires specially designed for Pixis and Mili. Field-cuttable, it encompasses near invisible integration, ingenious connectivity, and simplified installation. We have designed the whole track system for being as miniature as possible and invisible once integrated into the shelf. Thanks to its magnetic connectivity, placing the lighting fixtures is child's play and safe. Vertical, horizontal or sloping surface, recessed or surface mounted, the two luminaires Pixis and Mili slide freely and can be repositioned to create new ambiance easily. Read More

From Our Last Issue

From Our Last Issue
  • Electric Shock Drowning
    2015 Code — 15 and 20 A receptacles require GFCI protection. 2018 Code — ground fault protection for feeders, GFCI protection for receptacles. Much research has been conducted on the phenomenon known as electric shock drowning. Section 78 has been extensively updated in the 2018 Code to require GFCI and ground fault protection for branch circuits and feeders respectively. The scope of Section 78 has been expanded to include additional types of structures such as floating piers and docking facilities, and the rules have been re-arranged to simplify navigation of the section.

  • A Simple Sentence to Increase Referrals
    Ignore this tip if you work for a monopoly. If, however, your customers do have options to do business elsewhere, consider this. If your employees were able to generate more referrals by saying one sentence more often, imagine the impact to your bottom line. Keep in mind this money-making strategy costs you nothing, reduces the need to discount your prices to gain new business, and strengthens the loyalty of your current customers. I learned this technique from Corinne Lyall, Broker/Owner of Royal LePage Benchmark with over 150 associates. Her tip for asking for and getting referrals is this…

  • The 10 Most Important Changes in the 2018 NFPA 70e Standard, Part 1
    With the recent release of the 2018 edition of the NFPA 70E standard, many users are finding it challenging to interpret what it says and prioritize where they should focus their attention. The short answer is that the entire 70E standard is important, not just one chapter, article or section. However, this article highlights 10 changes that the author believes are most important. Here in Part 1: changes 1-5.

  • February New Housing Investment Rises 9.5% YOY
    The year-over-year increase was led by spending on multiple-unit construction (apartment buildings, row houses and semi-detached houses), while spending on single-family homes was down compared with February 2017.February marked the fourth consecutive month that the year-over-year increase in spending on apartment building construction outpaced spending on single houses. Apartment building construction rose in eight provinces, led by Quebec (+$182.4 million), Ontario (+$80.3 million) and British Columbia (+$74.3 million).Spending on row house construction increased 24.1% (+$97.7 million) compared with February 2017, mainly driven by investment in Ontario (+$50.8 million), Alberta (+$23.0 million) and British Columbia (+$18.6 million).

Current Copper Prices

Monitor daily and 6-month $US prices for copper — the preferred electrical conductor for most categories of electrical wiring.

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The Electrical Stock Market

Track the stock market performance of 25 publicly traded electrical equipment suppliers and electrical wholesalers. Updated weekly.

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Published by Kerrwil Publications Limited with the support of Electro-Federation Canada (EFC)
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